These, then, are some of the particulars, and I state them with the greater confidence because I can state them authoritatively as representing this Government's interpretation of its own duty with regard to peace;
The 5 Points
of President Woodrow Wilson's Speech
in New York, September 27, 1918.
From: "Selected Addresses and Public Papers of Woodrow Wilson", New York: Boni and Liveright, 1918. P. 279.
First, the impartial justice meted out must involve no discrimination between those to whom we wish to be just and those to whom we do not wish to be just. It must be a justice that plays no favorites and knows no standard bu the equal rights of the several peoples concerned;
Second, no special or separate interest of any single nation or any group of nations can be made on the basis of any part of the settlement which is not consistent with the common interest of all;
Third, there can be no leagues or alliances or special covenants and understandings within the general and common family of the League of Nations;
Fourth, and more specifically, there can be no special, selfish economic combinations within the league and no employment or any form of economic boycott or exclusion except as the power of economic penalty by exclusion from the markets of the world may be vested in the League of Nations itself as a means of discipline and control;
Fifth, all international agreements and treaties of every kind must be made known in their entirety to the rest of the world.
Special alliances and economic rivalries and hostilities have been the prolific source in the modern world of the plans and passions that produce war. It would be an insincere as well as an insecure peace that did not exclude them in definite and binding terms.