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Poland From the Inside.

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Appendix

Table I

The following table shows that imports passing through Danzig had almost equalled those via Gdynia by 1938. They refer to tonnage only, however. Mass goods, of low value, were mainly reserved for Danzig (See Table III, from which is will be noticed that Danzig's share in value was a mere fraction of Gdynia's).

Year       Tonnage via Danzig       Tonnage via Gdynia
1934 655,763       991,544      
1935 778,532       1,111,844      
1936 953,154       1,335,456      
1937 1,515,822       1,718,004      
1938 1,547,866       1,526,536      


Table II

Exports passing through Danzig and Gdynia were still more unfavourable for the former. Gdynia had easily outstripped Danzig. A comparison with Table IV shows that Danzig was in a much worse position as regards the value of the goods concerned.

Year       Tonnage via Danzig       Tonnage via Gdynia
1934 5,713,181       6,200,369      
1935 4,324,246       6,362,599      
1936 4,675,002       6,407,490      
1937 5,684,849       7,288,173      
1938 5,583,886       7,646,902      


Table III

The percentage of imports in 1938 according to value:

Via Gdynia       Via Danzig       Otherwise imported
53.7% 7.8% 38.5%

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Table IV

The percentage of exports in 1938 according to value:

Via Gdynia       Via Danzig       Otherwise exported
40.6% 23.5% 35.9%


Table V

The number of ships entering and leaving Gdynia:

Year       Ships entering       Ships leaving
1924 29       29      
1926 312       316      
1928 1,108       1,093      
1930 2,238       2,219      
1932 3,610       3,604      


Table VI

The percentage of foreign trade passing through Gdynia developed during the early years of the port's growth as follows:

Year       Turnover       Total via Gdynia
1929 26,125,000 10 %
1930 22,493,000 14½ %
1931 21,664,000 24 %
1932 15,290,000 34 %
1933 15,343,000 37 %

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Table VII

The number of educational establishments giving instruction in the various languages spoken in the Composite State of Poland was as follows in 1929, i.e. before the action taken against the Ukrainian and other minorities:

Language         Kindergarten     Elementary     Secondary     Academic  
Polish 1,588       21,806       759       22      
Ukrainian 47       790       20       none    
White Russian none       26       3       none    
German 34       768       29       none    
Yiddish 42       177       3       none    
Hebrew 35       183       11       none    
Lithuanian none       105       2       none    
Polish, plus a
second language
16       2,647       10       none    


Table VII

The teachers' training colleges in 1930 (before the anti-minority action) were as follows:

Language       No. of Training Colleges       Persons attending
Polish 198             31,300        
Ukrainian 10             1,500        
White Russian none             none        
German 3             400        
Yiddish 1             100        
Hebrew 3             300        
Lithuanian none             none        

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Table IX

The percentage of various nationalities living in Poland (August, 1939):

Poles 60.16 %
Ukrainians 20.06 %
Jews 9.18 %
White Russians       5.75 %
Germans 4.22 %
Lithuanians 0.57 %
Others 0.07 %


Table X

According to Poland Old and New (Arct, Warsaw, 1938), the proportion of Ukrainians among the indigenous population in the following districts was:

In Stanislawow 70 %
In Volhynia 70 %
In Tarnopol 46 %
In the voivodship of Lemberg       36 %
In the voivodship of Polesia 33 %


Table XI

The population of the voivodships largely Ukrainian was at the census of December, 1935:

Stanislawow   1,477,000
Volhynia 2,085,000
Tarnopol 1,603,000
Lemberg 3,128,000
Polesia 1,131,000



 
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Important dates in Polish history

1025   King Boleslas crowned; non-Polish areas on the Baltic coast and in the North-West of his realm conquered by Boleslas.
1109 The land of the Pomeranians annexed by Poland.
1138 Following dynastic disputes, Poland split up into numerous minor States, each under its own ruler.
1226 Teutonic Knights settle in Pomerania.
1308 Danzig and Pomerania join the Teutonic Knights.
1340 The area surrounding Lemberg annexed by Poland.
1350 Great influx of Jews begins.
1370 Louis of Hungary ascended the throne of Poland.
1386 Lithuania added to Poland by peaceful measures.
1410 Teutonic Knights attacked and defeated at Grunwald.
1464 Poland annexes Pomerania. (Danzig remained more or less independent, although nominally under the Poles.)
1506 Polish expansion begins.
1525 East Prussia temporarily under Polish sovereignty.
1561 Esthonia annexed by the Poles.
1595 Polish capital moved from Cracow to Warsaw.
1648 Cossacks rebel against oppression of the Poles.
1655 Following several wars, Poles subdued by the Swedes.
1696 A Saxon king begins new Polish dynasty; Russians take action to safeguard their large minorities under Polish rule.
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1768
War with Russia.
1772 First partition of Poland, most of the territory going to Russia.
1793 Second partition of Poland.
1795 Third partition of Poland, Russia again taking most of the land.
1797 Polish legion joins Napoleon.
1806 Duchy of Warsaw created by Napoleon.
1815 The Congress of Vienna confirms partition of Poland. England and France especially in favour of the partition.
1830 Polish rebellion against the Russians.
1864 New rebellions of the Poles put down.
1905 Poles revolt under Pilsudski against Russians.
1908 A riflemen's corps founded by Pilsudski in Austria.
1914-1917   Poles join the Central Powers against Russia.
1916 Germans promise Poles independence.
1918 Pilsudski released at Magdeburg and elected Chief of State.
1919 Poles oppose Allies and invade Upper Silesia.
1919 Poles invade Vilna.
1920 After attacking Russia, Poles succeed in beating off the punitive army.
1921 Large part of Upper Silesia annexed.
1923 Vilna annexed.
1924 Building of Gdynia begun.
1926 Pilsudski assumes supreme control of State.
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1930
 
Pacification of the Ukrainians. Numerous villages destroyed, peasants ill-treated. Subsequent elections show a marked reduction in the Ukrainian vote.
1932 Pact of Non-Aggression with Russia.
1934 Pact of Non-Aggression with Germany. Pilsudski and Hitler arrange for a peaceful settlement of differences.
1935 Death of Marshal Pilsudski.
1936 Rydz appointed Marshal of Poland.
1937 Tension with Baltic States.
1939 Hitler's proposal for Danzig to rejoin the Reich and to build an ex-territorial road from the Reich to East Prussia rejected. German-Polish Agreement cancelled by Germany, the latter claiming that Warsaw had broken terms by agreements with third Powers. Action against German minorities. Financial difficulties owing to mobilisation.



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